Allegations of major cases of corruption related to procurement of the electronic identity card ( e-ID ) shook the ground water. A number of big names allegedly linked to corruption projects worth more than 5 trillion rupiah. Alleged corruption in the country is considered aggrieved about 2.3 trillion rupiah.
The use of high-tech identity cards actually provide many benefits ultimately improve services for residents and a reduction in the crime rate.
For example, demographic and biometric data is stored in e-ID chip can make sure fingerprint, photograph and signature of the cardholder.
For those who are eligible for social security services, Top 10 e-ID cards should be as well as a Smart Card Jakarta (KJP), BPJS Health, as well as other social security services.
In terms of security, integrated data in the e-ID card can prevent criminal suspects hiding or open an account using false names. Data integrated e-KTP also facilitate the implementation of the general election (election) many levels.
For convenience, the smart card type of e-ID card can also be inserted so that the actual payment information could potentially be a means to pay transportation such as public transit buses or commuter trains.
Provision of electronic card for the identity of citizens is not new. Two countries also menggagasnya, despite differences in implementation.
Quoted various sources, the following is a brief description of electronic systems for identification in Malaysia and Singapore :
With a population of around 23 million people, Malaysia using national identity program that included the first time worldwide. The program uses smart card technology that allows even the government sector and swasata applications in one card only.
Projects worth US $ 71 million it is known as ‘MyKad’ and targeting citizens over the age of 12 years. Kad itself is an abbreviation of “Kad aKuan Yourself” as well as “Kad Digital Applications.”
As quoted from secureIDnews.com , MyKad start was initiated in 1999 when the Malaysian government appointed Government Multi-Purpose Card Consortium (GMPC), which is a consortium of five international supplier of technology, along with the State Registration Position (JPN) from the government.
According to Datuk Azizan Ayob, Director General Jpn the moment, Interesting Facts “In Malaysia, everyone should have a national identification card upon entering the age of 12.”
“Then there is the driver’s license, passport and bank cards, so it’s too much to carry people. We want to have one card to perform a variety of government and private sector applications, in order to improve services to citizens while keeping the information in the cards.”
So, what could be done using the card?
Only one piece of plastic card with it, Malaysians have a national ID, driver’s license, immigration records and health, the means to pay the transportation (through the service e-purse ), and banking services.
64K MyKad card using a chip with two interfaces ( interfaces ) that could use a touch device and non-touch. In fact, biometrics is also used.
According to Jay Cornish from Unisys that are part of the consortium, “With the use of two types of fingerprint technology, MyKad be an example of various applications on a large scale worldwide premiere that use biometrics for security.”
The technology applied to first compare the applicant’s fingerprints with fingerprints so all the other applicants to make sure no effort to double the identity incognito.
Second, the applicant’s fingerprint biometric stored on the card and can be read by machine. Each card is used, the card holder finger can be directly compared with the notes recorded on the card.
As a means to pay, MyKad application contains e-purse from Proton World provided by the local banking organization. Interesting Facts about World The cards also have utility as an ATM for many of Malaysia’s leading bank.
Shops and service providers also receive MyKad as a means of payment for e-purse applications that are embedded in the smart card chip.
For transportation services, no-touch function Touch-n-Go can be used for buses and trains.
Development services include voting, the association of social security funds of Malaysia, and the expansion of a travel card in Asian countries.
Meanwhile, Singapore also initiated electronic cards for identity (e-identity cards, e-IC) that can be used for all online transactions, including dealings with government agencies and institutions such as commercial banks.
However, according to the Straits Times , e-IC inserted in the mobile phone SIM card was not intended to replace an identity card physically.
An e-IC allows the token sum up the issue of a number of different banks and also do not have REPT remember the username and password for the transaction.
Features similar to the way e-IC which has been published in Hong Kong, Estonia, and Finland.
In the tender documents published by the authority infokomunikasi Singapore, Infocomm Development Authority (IDA), is written, “Identification and authentication of identity is becoming increasingly important. Nowadays, identity is a condition for so many services.”
Project e-IC was named Mobile Digital ID and SIM card is inserted in the mobile phone. The system mengndalkan advanced encryption technique known as public key infrastructure (PKI) which is more secure than one-time password (OTP).
According to IDA, the idea has the potential to be successfully applied in Singapore as one of the countries with the highest mobile phone penetration in the world to reach 150 percent – many residents who have more than one device.
In the meantime, as featured in Wikipedia , the identity cards of citizens and permanent residents of Singapore still use the National Registration Identity Card (NRIC) to be owned by citizens and residents aged over 15 years.
The owners NRIC is responsible for storage of the card, but it is not mandatory always carry it, except in a place that required the use of identification such as a passport and a polling place, or for those who do Compulsory Military, police, and civil defense.
NRIC shall also be indicated for people who are looking for a place to stay at a hotel or the like, or the person who pawned goods. Top 10 Amazing Facts If someone can not show NRIC to stay, the accommodation manager shall immediately notify the police.
NRIC is sometimes required for a number of government procedures or commercial transactions such as opening a bank account.
Businesses and other organizations in Singapore are also asked to see NRIC to ascertain the identity or allow entry after entry redeem NRIC card.
However, there is no obligation to show NRIC in these situations. Often, other forms of identity (credit card photographed or photographed employee card) can be used to include only the NRIC number.